At least 1.1 million people - mostly Jews - died in the gas chambers at Auschwitz or from starvation, disease and forced labor at the camp that German Nazis built in occupied Poland during World War II, which was only liberated at the end of the war in 1945.
Auschwitz, with the infamous gate with a sign reading Arbeit Macht Frei, or Work Makes You Free. The inscription was meant to mislead inmates into thinking they were arriving at Auschwitz to work, not die. The metal sign now in place is a replica of the original, which is undergoing renovation after it was stolen in December 2009, and recovered two days later.
Locally, there was a reading of the names of those who died in the Holocaust. Light a candle. Take a moment of silence. This is a tragic history, few in that place & time, lived to tell the story.